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2021年山东成人高考高升本英语模拟试题(4)

文章来源:山东成考网2021-06-30 16:30:10 学习交流群+ 加入 微信公众号+ 关注

  四、阅读理解

  A woman:heads into apopular New York City coffee shop on a cold: winter rooming. Just ahead of her, a man drops a few papers. The woman pauses to help gather them. A clerk ata busy store thanks a customer who has just bought something. "Enjoy" the young woman says, smiling widely. "Have a nice day." She sounds like she really means it. These arethe common situations we may see every: day.

  However, in her best-selling book Talk to the Hand, Lynne Truss argues that common good manners such as saying "Excuse me" almost no longer exist. There are certainly plenty who would agree with her. According to one recent study, 70 percent of the U.S. adults said people are ruder now than they were 20 years ago.

  Is it really true? We decided to find out if good manners are really hard to see. In this politeness study, reporters were sent to many cities in the world. They performed three experiments: "door tests" (would anyone hold the door open for them?); "paper drops" (who would help them gather a pile of "accidentally" dropped papers?); and "service tests" (which salesclerks would thank them for a purchase)

  In New York, 60 tests (20 of each type)were done. Along the way, the reporters met all types of people: men and women of different races, ages, professions , and income levels. And guess what? In the end, four out of every five :people they met passed their: politeness test making New York the most polite city in the study.

  31. What is found in the study?

  A. More people passed the tests in New York than in any other cities.

  B. Different kinds of people acted differently in the New York tests.

  C. Four out of five people passed the politeness test in the study.

  D. Manypeople in the experiment passed the tests by guessing.

  32. What does Lynne Truss argue in Talk to the Hand?.

  A. People are not as polite as they used to.

  B. "Excuse me" is not welcome nowadays.

  C. Of all the adults in the US 70% are rude,

  D. People don't care about manners any more.

  33. What is TRUE about the politeness study discussed in the passage?

  A. The study was reported in many cities of the world.

  B. New York was the most suitable city for the experiment.

  C. Sixty tests were designed to see if people are polite to each other.

  D. Experiments were performed to see if common good manners exist.

  参考答案:

  31.A 32.A 33.D

  参考译文:

  一个女人:在寒冷的冬天去纽约咖啡店。就在她前面,一个人扔了几张纸。这个女人停下来帮助收集它们。店里的店员感谢刚刚买了东西的顾客。年轻女人说:“尽情地笑吧。”祝你度过愉快的。这些是我们每天都可以看到的常见情况。

  然而,在她最畅销的书《与人交谈》中,Lynne Truss认为,诸如“对不起”这样的好习惯几乎不再存在。肯定有很多人会同意她的观点。根据最近的一项研究,70%的美国成年人说现在的人比20年前更粗鲁。

  这是真的吗?我们决定找出好的举止是否真的很难看到。在这项礼貌研究中,记者被派往世界上许多城市。他们做了三个实验:“门测试”(有人会为他们开门吗?)“纸滴”(谁会帮助他们收集一堆“意外”的废纸?)和“服务测试”(哪些店员会感谢他们的购买?)

  在纽约,进行了60次测试(每种类型的20次)。一路上,记者遇到了各种类型的人:不同种族、年龄、职业和收入水平的男女。你猜怎么着?最后,每五人中就有四人通过他们的礼貌测试,使纽约成为学习中最有礼貌的城市。


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